What you Need to Know About Blood Pressure

Updated: Oct 2, 2020

What Is Blood Pressure?

Blood pressure is the measurement of the force made by the pumping of your heart as it sends the blood in the blood vessels.

The blood vessels or arteries are the trails that send blood to all your body organs. It pushes blood out of the heart into the blood vessels.

This pressure once your heart contract is called systolic pressure. Once the heart relaxes after every contraction, the pressure inside your heart falls, and this leads to the opening of the valves to allow blood to go into the main pumping chamber.

What Do the Numbers Mean?

Blood pressure is read at two points; systole that is the highest point wherein the heart contracts to empty its blood into the circulatory system. The low end is the point in which the heart relaxes to fill with blood returned by the circulation. This process is called diastole.

A lot of guidelines recommend that when the diastolic pressure of the patient is above 90 to 95mm, and the systolic pressure is above 140 to 160mm, then the person must receive treatment to lower the blood pressure. Like for instance, if the systolic pressure is 120 while the diastolic pressure is 80, the physical would say your blood pressure is 120 over 80 or 120/80.

In blood pressure reading, both numbers play a vital role. However, when you reach the age of fifty, systolic reading is even more essential.

Dangers of High Blood Pressure

Both low and high blood pressure can pose a risk to our wellbeing. High blood pressure, or also known as hypertension, harms the body for many years before the signs develop. Uncontrolled hypertension can result in a poor quality of life, disability, stroke, and death.

Here is a look at the risks of uncontrolled high blood pressure

  • Heart damage

  • Arteries damage

  • Brain damage

  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA).

  • Dementia.

  • Mild cognitive impairment

  • Kidney damage 

  • Damage to eyes 

Dangers of Low Blood Pressure 

Low blood pressure can lead to weakness, fainting, dizziness as well as a risk of injury from falls. Severe low blood pressure deprives our body of a sufficient amount of oxygen to do its normal functions, which results in brain and heart damage.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

People experiencing diabetes, along with hypertension, don’t have symptoms. But severely high blood pressure can cause:

  • Headaches

  • Trouble breathing

  • Nose bleeds

  • Fits

  • Vision problems

  • Black-outs

Blood pressure is lower in the evening while you are sleeping. It begins to raise a couple of hours prior to waking up. Blood pressure keeps rising at day time, typically reaches its peak mid-afternoon. At late noon and evening, it drops again.

Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure

Some people might have a blood pressure of 90 over 50 without signs and so don’t have low blood pressure.

But some who have high blood pressure might develop signs of low blood pressure once the blood pressure numbers drop to 100 over 60.

The same as high blood pressure, low blood pressure signs, or symptoms may not always be visible. If you get signs, they might be recognized as any of the following:

  • Blurred vision

  • Confusion

  • Feeling dizzy

  • Fainting and light headed

  • Irregular heartbeat

How to Track and Measure Blood Pressure Plus Measuring Frequency

When you are susceptible to a heart issue or your loved ones have heart issues or diagnosed with hypertension or prehypertension, monitoring blood pressure right at the comfort of your home is the best thing to do to maintain your wellbeing. When tracking blood pressure regularly, you know ahead of time if some changes put you in danger for stroke, kidney failure, heart attack, and blindness.

Monitoring at home with FDA certified blood pressure tool can save you from a heart attack.

Tracking as well as recording your blood pressure with a reliable app make it more likely you’ll stick with it in the fullness of time and providing you a straightforward predictive means to keep healthy and alive.

How to Control Blood Pressure?

Blood pressure is a pressure created when your heart pumps your blood. There are many ways to control blood pressure. The most reliable way is to monitor within an artery directly. You can also regulate blood pressure using diverse instruments like the use of mercury or pressure registering tools.

There are also natural ways of controlling blood pressure, such as exercising regularly, follow a healthy diet, lose extra kilos and pay attention to your waistline, lessen sodium intake, stop drinking and smoking, reduce stress, cut back on coffee or foods with caffeine and many others. There are also drugs available that efficiently control blood pressure, but it requires a doctor’s prescription.


Purchase a blood pressure monitor (make sure it’s FDA approved).

Use it first thing in the morning daily for a week, and record the readings, then start doing it once a week.

Once you have all the numbers, keep them safe and decrease the measuring to once a month and compare your monthly reading to the number you got before (The ones that you're supposed to keep safe), if you ever get a reading that is above or below the numbers you kept safe, visit your doctor.

As always, if you want to take the guesswork out of your fitness journey and go through a tailored fitness program, use the box below.

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